Campaign Guidelines – Time Use
Campaign Guidelines – Time Use
1. The Issue:
There have been many reports lately about people spending a large amount of time interacting with technology and the Internet. This raises some questions about time use:
1) How do I spend my time?
2) Is there a difference between how females and males spend their time?
3) Do we spend too much time doing homework?
4) How is my time use similar or different to other Americans?
Upon completing this campaign, students will have compared themselves to the U.S. population to find how they are similar to and/or different from other people in terms of time use. They will use single and multivariable plots, summary statistics, and frequency tables to find similarities and differences between groups of students, and between students and other residents of the United States.
3. Survey Questions: (students will enter data only for the activities in which they participated):
|How many hours have you slept?||sleep||number|
|For what day are you updating your time use?||day||ordinal category (integers 1-5)|
|In which activities have you participated?||activities||n/a|
|a. How many minutes have you spent eating/drinking?||meals||number|
|b. How many minutes have you spent in classes at school?||school||number|
|c. How many minutes have you spent doing homework?||homework||number|
|d. How many minutes have you spent working at a job?||work||number|
|e. How many minutes have you spent grooming yourself?||grooming||number|
|f. How many minutes have you spent traveling/commuting?||travel||number|
|g. How many minutes have you spent doing household chores?||chores||number|
|h. How many minutes have you spent online?||online||number|
|i. How many minutes have you spent with friends (outside of class)?||friends||number|
|j. How many minutes have you spent watching television?||television||number|
|k. How many minutes have you spent playing video games?||videogames||number|
|l. How many minutes have you spent playing sports?||sports||number|
|m. How many minutes have you spent reading (not for class)?||read||number|
When? Surveys will be completed four times per day. It is recommended that surveys be completed before school, after school, in the evening, and before bed. Reminders can be set to ensure survey completion.
How Long? Five days. Ideally, 2 of these days would include a weekend.
Use the NY Times’ interactive Time Use graphic to explore how Americans spend their time.
Every student should collect time-use data at least twice per day during the collection period. After the first day, use the Campaign Monitoring tool to see who has collected the most. After 2 to 3 days, direct students’ attention to the Total Responses by Day plot and comment on any patterns (see Food Habits Guidelines for sample).
Discuss data collection issues. What makes it hard? Does this affect the quality of data? What sort of snacks are less likely to enter?
5. Technical Analysis:
RStudio and New York Times. Single/Multivariable plots: histograms, bar graphs, scatterplots, etc. Numerical summaries: mean, median, MAD, standard deviation. Frequency tables: One and two-way tables.
6. Guiding Questions:
1) On average, how long do students think they spend on homework?
2) Do males or females take longer to groom themselves?
3) Are there groups of students who spend their time similarly to one another?
Students will complete a practicum in which they answer a statistical question based on the time-use data collected.
Homework & Next Day
For the next 5 days, students will collect data using the Time Use campaign on their smart devices or via web browser.
Data Collection Monitoring
Data Collection Monitoring: Display the IDS Campaign Monitoring Tool, found at https://tools.idsucla.org Click on Campaign Monitor and sign in.
See User List and sort by Total. Ask: Who has collected the most data so far?
Click on the pie chart. Ask: How many active users are there? How many inactive users are there?
See Total Responses. How many responses have been submitted?
Using TPS, ask students to think about what they can do to increase their data collection.
Inform students that you will conduct another data collection check with the whole class in a couple of days, and that they will understand the private vs. shared data after they have completed the campaign collection.